The activity of the University of Public and Individual Security „Apeiron “ in Cracow is based on almost a thirty-year history dating back to the 80s of the 20th century. It was then that a passionate fan of karate and the founder and current rector of the University Juliusz Piwowarski established Cracow School of Martial Arts and Sports “Orion”. In 1994 “Orion” Centre started functioning and shortly thereafter the Post-Secondary School of Detectives and Security Guards “Bodyguard” was established. The next stage aimed at educating specialists in the field of security in a broad sense was establishing the University.
The University of Public and Individual Security „Apeiron “ in Cracow was founded on the basis of multiannual experience of enthusiasts, taking into consideration current needs of the labour market. One of them is Juliusz Piwowarski, the founder and rector of the University who for years provided specialist training for Antiterrorist Campaign, simultaneously exploring subjects vital for the development and improving the quality of so called “mind of a warrior”. Starting from philosophy, psychology and logic through common and useful methods related to physical education as far as techniques and tactics necessary for effective action in special wards.
Name of the University
I. Apeiron (Infinity)
Anaximander, an ancient Greek sage, explicated the term “arche”, in other words a designation of the first and final principle of reality. He claimed that the principle is apeiron, in other words infinity. The term “apeiron” means the infinite principle of the Universe. The infinity was the reason why Anaximander presumed existence of many worlds simultaneously emerging from apeiron. The philosopher assumed infinite duration of apeiron as it was an internal, ultimate principle and energy. Sequent worlds would come to existence and die but apeiron itself exists eternally.
II. Logos (Mind of the World)
According to stoics, whose ancient philosophy was treated by samurai as the closest to Bushidō Code, logos is mind of the world. They reckoned that all people are a part of logos. They also claimed, likewise eastern philosophers of martial arts, that a human is the world in miniature (a microcosm being a reflection of the macrocosm). In the philosophy of the East the equivalents of apeiron are the concepts of sunyata and tao.
III. Sunyata (Emptiness)
The term „emptiness” means a space without centre and without borders, transparent and shining out of infinite potential and unlimited abilities, freedom and energy.
IV. Tao (The Way of Life, the Way of Virtue)
At the heart of Chinese Taoism is the concept of “tao” being the analogy of the European apeiron. Tao is the principle lying at the base of the Universe. It cannot be defined as any definition would be only an approximation of it. Harmony with “tao” (equated with known in the Eastern philosophies enlightenment) is the ultimate goal of a man. In Taoism and Confucianism “tao” also means the right path of life, the way of virtuousness.